Pay Grade: 19



This is highly skilled work in the operation and general maintenance of a wide variety of heavy equipment used in construction and maintenance work. May serve as a lead worker of a crew.  

Work involves responsibility for the safe and efficient operation of primarily the heaviest and largest types of construction and maintenance equipment used in a full range of construction and maintenance work. Employees have mastered a broad spectrum of activities and responsibilities in multiple major maintenance areas such as surface maintenance, roadside/right-of-way maintenance, snow and ice removal/treatment, safety policies and procedures, bridge maintenance, and pavement striping. This includes attaining basic leadership skills and a complete understanding of standards, guidelines, policies, and concepts.

Standard Classification Factors

Supervision Received - LEVEL C: "Under direction…" Employees at this level usually receive a general outline of the work to be performed and are generally free to develop their own sequences and methods within the scope of established policies. New, unusual, or complex work situations are almost always referred to a superior for advice. Work is periodically checked for progress and conformance to established policies and requirements. 

Difficulty - LEVEL B: Average… Where the employee is confronted with a variety of duties susceptible to different methods of solution which, in turn, places a correspondingly higher demand upon resourcefulness and concentration. Positions that require the analysis and evaluation of raw data and the rendering of conclusions would, in many instances, fall into this category. 

Complexity - LEVEL B: Work is of a structured nature including duties that have several related steps. This level involves simple analysis of data, identification of easily distinguishable facts and recognition of differences in related situations. Workers at this level exercise limited independent judgment in determining methods or procedures to be used in making minor decisions. Work is normally controlled by frequent review and consultation with supervisors. When guidelines exist at this level, they are usually specific and aid in determining an approach to problems or situations. Workers at this level must be able to identify basic differences in situations to determine the actions that need to be taken. 

Consequence of Actions or Decisions - LEVEL C: Consequences of actions or decisions at this level are limited in scope and effect as the work is reviewed occasionally. Errors may cause moderate inefficiency. Costs due to errors may be significant. 

Contacts - LEVEL B: The purpose of the contact is to plan, coordinate and advise on work efforts, interpret guidelines or instructions, elicit opinions or give guidance on the basis of facts to resolve common issues or problems when the information is not sensitive in nature or the individuals or groups are working toward mutual goals and have basically cooperative attitudes. Well developed communication skills are required. 

Physical Demands - LEVEL D: The work requires considerable physical exertion. Environmental Conditions - LEVEL C: The work environment involves hazards, risks or discomforts typical of working with or around machinery with exposed moving parts, irritant chemicals, heavy equipment or abusive or hostile clientele and patients. Exposure to disagreeable weather conditions and extreme levels of temperature, ventilation, lighting and sound are normal. Protective clothing or gear and specific safety standards or procedures may be required. Serious injury is possible.

Supervision/Leadership - LEVEL B: Involves functional leadership responsibility. As a "senior worker", performing essentially the same or similar work as those overseen, responsibility includes training, instructing, scheduling and reviewing. As a "project leader" may be responsible for a phase(s) of a single project which includes planning, coordinating and reviewing the work of others. This level may also involve limited administrative responsibility such as participating in the evaluation of work performance.

Distinguishing Features

Differs from the Equipment Operator class in which employees perform skilled work under general supervision in the operation of mechanical tools and light to heavy equipment used in maintenance and construction or on the grounds of state properties or facilities.

Differs from the Equipment Operator Specialist class in which employees perform extensive lead work and administrative responsibilities. Work includes the limited operation of complex equipment but is usually more lead work and less physical in nature.


Operates or oversees the operation of a self-propelled roller in compacting or resurfacing roads, and in compacting roadway base or surfacing material; operates/oversees an asphalt distributor on resurfacing projects.

Operates or oversees the operation of a motor grader in grading and cleaning ditches, grading shoulders and slopes, and other rough grading; operates a bull-dozer in clearing right-of-way, backfilling, and moving dirt.

Directs employees in order to ensure job completion by coordinating routine tasks, equipment and materials, and by providing information concerning work methods and procedures.

Performs most finished grading operations, including grading to prescribed elevations; operates bulldozers and other grading equipment; blade mixing of asphalt mixes and blade laying of asphalt mix on roadways.

Operates hydraulic excavator, loader/backhoe, or crane in digging of ditches, cutting down slopes, repairing earth slides, and loading rock, gravel and other material on trucks; operates tools or equipment unique to a particular job, such as bridge repair or paint striping; paint machines, asphalt lay down machines, and other heavy construction and maintenance equipment.

Trains co-workers in the operation of a wide range of construction or maintenance equipment.

Provides input to supervisor on performance reviews of lower level operators.

Operates, or assists in training other employees in the operation and maintenance of trucks, tractors/attachments, street sweepers, mowers, and related equipment in the performance of ground keeping duties.

Assists mechanics in making repairs to equipment as well as minor running repairs and performs preventive maintenance and servicing work in connection with the operation of heavy equipment.

Serves as tractor-trailer or truck-trailer operator in the transport of heavy equipment over the public roads; supervises and performs loading and unloading of heavy equipment.

Serves as lead-worker in the activities of highway maintenance crews for road and bridge repairs, removal of accident debris and dead animals, and other assignments such as erection and maintenance of signs, snow fences and guardrails.

Performs construction and maintenance on State Park, State Fishing Lake and Wildlife Areas statewide. Constructs boat ramps, roads, fishing piers, waterfowl marshes, dikes, levees, and other state owned and leased facilities.

Performs maintenance on roads, piers, dikes and dams. Places rip rap on shorelines and piers. Maintains boat ramps and all other general maintenance on Department areas.



*Knowledge of the general practices applied in the care and safe operation of a wide variety of light to heavy construction and maintenance equipment.

*Knowledge of laws, regulations, safety standards and procedures pertaining to the operation of equipment upon the highways.


*Ability to detect abnormal operation and make repairs and adjustments to a wide variety of heavy equipment, and to service and maintain assigned equipment.

*Ability to use a variety of hand tools.

*Ability to lead lower level members of maintenance crews.

*Ability to operate a wide variety of lighter and some heavy automotive equipment.

Ability to operate construction and maintenance equipment for finished grading and other more complicated phases of maintenance and construction equipment operation.

*Ability to establish and maintain effective working relationships with other employees and the general public.

*Ability to communicate, verbally and in writing.

*Required at Entry


One year of experience in equipment operation that meets the needs of the agency and a valid driver’s license at time of appointment. Education may be substituted for experience as determined relevant by the agency.  Some positions may require attainment of a commercial driver’s license.

NC: 11/01
REV: 08/05
REV: 09/12